Metaphor in End of Life Care

Title of project:

Metaphor in End of Care Life

 

Name and institution of principle investigators:

Professor Elena Semino, Lancaster University

 

Names and institutions of co investigators/collaborators:

Dr Andrew Hardie, Lancaster University

Dr Veronika Koller,Lancaster University

Professor Sheila Payne, Lancaster University

Dr Paul Rayson, Lancaster University

 

Funding sources:

The Economic and Social Research Council

 

Summary of research:

The aim of this project is to investigate the use of metaphor in the experience of end of life care in the UK. We have studied the metaphors used by members of different stakeholder groups (patients, unpaid family carers and healthcare professionals) in a 1.5-million-word corpus consisting of interviews and contributions to online forums. We have addressed the following research questions:

A. How do members of different stakeholders groups (health professionals, patients and unpaid family carers) use metaphor to talk about their experiences, attitudes and expectations of end-of-life care (e.g. palliative treatment, preparations for dying, etc.)?
B. What does the use of metaphor by these stakeholder groups suggest about (a) the experiences and needs of the members of these groups and their mutual relationships, and (b) the nature of metaphor as a linguistic and cognitive phenomenon?

The method we have employed to identify and analyse metaphor in our data is both qualitative and quantitative. Our approach includes the exploitation of an online semantic annotation tool developed by a member of the team, which has enabled us to identify metaphorical expressions more systematically than is possible with other methods for the study of metaphor in large data sets.
Project website/webpage:

http://ucrel.lancs.ac.uk/melc/index.php

 

Anticipated time frame of project:

2012 – 2014

 

Anticipated audiences:

Linguists, healthcare professionals, charities.

 

Tagged as: 

metaphor, cancer, end of life

 

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Posted on 17 Apr 2015, under Projects.

The Life of Breath

 

Title of project:

The Life of Breath

 

Name and institution of principle investigators:

Professor Jane Macnaughton, Durham University and Professor Havi Carel, University of Bristol

 

Names and institutions of co investigators/collaborators:

Literary/cultural studies (Prof Corinne Saunders, Durham University)

Medical history: Dr Ronit Yoeli-Tlalim (medical historian, Goldsmiths); Prof Tim Cole (history, Bristol)

Medical Anthropology: Dr Andrew Russell (Durham University) Dr Alice Malpass (University of Bristol)

Respiratory clinicians (Prof Ann Millar and Dr Nick Maskell, Academic Respiratory Unit, University of Bristol)

Respiratory neuroscientist: Dr James Dodd (University of Bristol)

Expert interdisciplinary facilitator and arts in health specialist (Mary Robson, Durham)

Patient representation: Bev Wears, Justin Parsons (British Lung Foundation Breathe Easy Groups).

Design and public engagement: Dr David Swann (expert in healthcare design and service transformation, University of Huddersfield).

Primary care research in COPD: Dr Veronika Williams (University of Oxford).

 

Funding sources:

Wellcome Trust Joint Senior Investigator Award

 

Summary of research:

The ‘Life of Breath’ programme (http://www.lifeofbreath.org/) aims to achieve the fullest possible understanding of breath, breathing and breathlessness by drawing on both biomedical information and on cultural, literary, historical and phenomenological research. Our goal is to use an innovative, medical humanities approach to enhance understanding of breathlessness in healthcare contexts and the effectiveness of interventions in diseases such as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) in which breathlessness is a key symptom. The programme involves researchers in a range of faculties and departments at Durham University and the University of Bristol, along with clinicians and experts-by-experience.
Project website/webpage:

http://www.lifeofbreath.org/

 

Anticipated time frame of project:

5 years : 2015-2019

 

Anticipated audiences:

Medical humanities scholars, literary/cultural scholars of the body, medical anthropologists, clinicians working in respiratory medicine, patients/carers.

 

Tagged as: 

Interdisciplinarity, medical humanities, breath, breathing, breathlessness.

 

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Posted on 13 Apr 2015, under Projects.